Hibernoma is a very rare benign tumor of brown fat tissue which is found in hibernating and non-hibernating mammals. Until now, it has been reported in rats, dogs, and human beings. In this case report, a thirteen-year-old, spayed, female Siamese cat was examined for intestinal motility disorder. Local obstruction of the colon descendens was observed on radiographs 72 h after contrast medium administration. In order for the abdominal organs to be examined, diagnostic laparotomy was performed. A mass 1 cm in diameter located on the abdominal wall showing adhesion to mesenterium of the colon descendens was observed and completely removed. Post operative treatment was maintained by intestinal diet, metoclopramide, and enrofloxacin administration. Histopathological examination of the mass revealed hibernoma, a benign tumor of brown fat tissue. Further immunohistochemical analyses were performed to evaluate
the origin and behavior of the tumor by using S-100 and osteopontin antibodies. As a result, immunohistochemical staining was positive for S-100 and was weakly positive for osteopontin antibodies. In the presented report, a case of hibernoma in a cat was described with the clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical findings and treatment procedure.
Lymphoma is a cancer type that occurs when lymphocytes known as white blood cells become malignant. Lymphocytes under normal circumstances are cells of the immune system that help your dog fight against infections. They live in the lymph nodes which is a complex system connected by webs of veins.
Lymphoma is normally diagnosed by cytology and histopathology as in excising the lymph node completely or partially with a fine needle. At this point, the disease can be definitively diagnosed. The important detail that you should be aware of is that lymphoma is the general label for a group of diseases each of which acts differently and respond to different kinds of treatment approaches.
Radiation therapy is the most common conjoint therapy in veterinary medicine. In cases when the tumor cannot be surgically completely removed or when another surgical intervention is not possible, in order to clear the remaining malignant parts of mast cell tumors or soft tissue sarcoma, radiation is used.
In order to be able to fight the lymphoma in dogs, to approach the patient correctly and to predict the prognosis accurately, all information about the disease is needed. The point to remember; there is no single lymphoma disease; each patient should be considered as a new disease.
Computarized Tomography (CT) is an imaging technique that creates cross sectional pictures, detailed “slices” of your cat or dog’s body using X-ray beams. The information obtained is reconfigurated by computers and evaluated by radiologists.
Vaccine-associated sarcoma is a malignant tumor of cats. They are related to some vaccines. VAS has become a worrisome problem for veterinaries and cat owners and as a result some changes were implemented in vaccinations. These tumors are mostly related to rabies and feline leukemia vaccines but some other vaccines and treatments via injection can also cause tumors.
Ultrasound examination is a way to examine the patient’s body without any surgical intervention. The ultrasound machine uses a technology which sends sound waves to the organs and catches the sound waves that are reflected back and these waves are reflected on the screen as images.