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Pathology

In order to determine the type of cancer and plan the treatment protocol, cancerous cells and tissues are examined with a microscope. These pathological findings that we may group under cytology and biopsy tests are the only ways for a definitive diagnosis of cancer type. 
In order to determine the type of cancer and plan the treatment protocol, cancerous cells and tissues are examined with a microscope. These pathological findings that we may group under cytology and biopsy tests are the only ways for a definitive diagnosis of cancer type. 

Cells are extracted and microscopically examined with fine needle aspiration in cytology. For some types of cancer, cytology can be used as the only means for diagnosis. In others, it provides the basic information about the disease and enables classification. Cytology can be applied guided by ultrasound or advanced imaging depending on the condition of the tumor. If the tumor growth is on the outside of the body, the procedure can be done without any sedatives. 

In most cases however, a biopsy is required for a definitive diagnosis. The tissue samples that are extracted are examined with a microscope. According to the findings, the tissue structure, connections and the grade of the tumor is determined. This procedure is done surgically, with anesthesia. Proper techniques should be used in order to obtain an adequate sample and prevent the cancer from spreading to surrounding tissues. 

To understand if there is metastatis, some tissues such as lymph nodes might also have to be tested by cytology or biopsy. In rare cases when the type of cancer cannot definitively be determined by cytology or biopsy, different tests might be used on the same tissue sample. 

The correct interpretation of the pathological findings are as significant as sampling. That is why the samples should be examined by pathologists specialized in oncology. In some cases, samples might have to be sent to different universities and private laboratories. Since pathology results will have a direct bearing on the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, more than one expert should be consulted and different pathological methods should be used to ensure correct diagnosis. 

The procedures that are undertaken in our clinic are bone marrow biopsy, cytological preparation, cytology and biochemical tests on cerebrospinal fluid, ultrason guided fine needle aspiration biopsy and cytology, advanced imaging (MRI, CT, PET scan) guided tumor biopsy. We consult different pathologists along with immunohistochemistry and we inform pet owners in detail about each and every procedure.
© The contents of the Ada Veterinary Oncology website are prepared by Ada Veterinary Polyclinic. Can not be used without permission.
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ADA VETERINARY ONCOLOGY CLINIC
Levent Mah. Sülün Sokak No: 14 1. Levent - Beşiktaş - Istanbul / TURKEY
0212 324 67 32 - info@veterineronkoloji.com

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